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05-17

2022

What is the future development trend of electronic components?

The US Competitiveness Council has drawn up a detailed list of electronic components, and the future development trends of these components are worthy of close attention. Electronic components on this list include microprocessors (the brains of computers), memory chips, sensors, printed circuit boards and printed components, as well as new data storage technologies, and technologies that utilize magnetic or optical phenomena Also on the important list. All of these developments rely on new material-making techniques, some of which are truly breathtaking. For example, the thin lines connecting various parts on the chip are thinner than a few hundredths of a human hair, with a width of less than 0.5 microns. Scientists in the United States and Japan are currently using electron beam etching technology to create lines so tiny that they can only be observed through high-energy microscopes. However, new materials science is not the only route to innovative research in electronics, deciding how to arrange these tiny circuits and designing super-powerful microprocessors has opened up another new development space for the electronics industry. For example, for the engineering workstation and personal computer markets, there is a new architecture for microprocessors called Reduced Instruction Set Computing (RISC). Generally speaking, an instruction set consists of electronic components and commands to perform actions, such as adding a multiplicative effect of a telecommunication signal. Traditional chips have complex devices to combine and sequence important data; RISC abandons these traditional models, emphasizing the simplicity of a single chip, processing only a few kinds of logic before the signal is passed to the next chip or data storage area. step. Although RISC chips lack the power of the instruction set, in terms of simplifying circuit design, it creates the ability to execute instructions quickly, which is why RISC chips are widely used in various types of computers. Chips with stronger functions allow electronic component designers to have more room to play in the following two aspects, one is that the instrument becomes smaller, and the other is that the price becomes lower. When parts are less expensive, designers can add more functionality to the product, and because the chip size is smaller, the automatic engine has computer chips embedded inside it (think about how to put a personal computer in a Inside the engine, you can see why these actions were impossible until the chip size continued to shrink!) At the same time, due to the drop in price, functional items that were originally over budget are now no problem. Even with the advent of the first computers and simple printing equipment, no one could produce a finished manuscript for publication or sale, but in the early 1980s, if you wanted to produce a high-quality document, people would recommend you Bring computer files to the printer for printing. About 7 years later, the laser printer came out. Since most laser printers have microprocessors, the laser printer itself is a kind of computer. The advent of high-quality printers has prompted software developers to start writing software that prints pleasing copy, and in order to sell this software successfully, software developers also rely on the engineers who designed the computer to combine greater memory capacity with more Data storage space, stuffed into the hard case of the computer. In this way, for a little money, you can be able to publish books, magazines, news publications, or create advertisements and similar documents that require a personal computer design. The situation is almost the same in music media, where, thanks to communication laws and new electronic concepts, composers can sit in front of a computer to create music, and the sounds of many instruments can also be electronically synthesized, even recordings. Music editing software can do it for you, and now musicians can write orchestral compositions, perform and complete entire tunes, all from the comfort of their own homes.

05-17

2022

What fields are the chips mainly used in?

Chips are mainly used in fields such as communications and networking. An integrated circuit chip that manufactures circuits on the surface of a semiconductor chip is also called a thin film integrated circuit. Another thick film integrated circuit is a miniaturized circuit composed of independent semiconductor devices and passive components integrated into a substrate or circuit board. State-of-the-art integrated circuits are at the heart of microprocessors, or multicore processors, that control everything from computers to cell phones to digital microwave ovens. Although the cost of designing and developing a complex integrated circuit is very high, the cost per integrated circuit is minimized when distributed over products, often in the millions. The performance of integrated circuits is high because the small size brings short paths, enabling low-power logic circuits to be applied at fast switching speeds. Over the years, integrated circuits have continued to move toward smaller form factors, enabling more circuits to be packaged per chip. This increases capacity per unit area, which can reduce cost and increase functionality, see Moore's Law, the number of transistors in an integrated circuit, doubling every 1.5 years. In summary, as the form factor shrinks, almost all metrics improve, unit cost and switching power consumption drop, and speed increases. However, ICs that integrate nanoscale devices also have problems, mainly leakage current. Therefore, the increase in speed and power consumption for the end user is very significant, and manufacturers face the acute challenge of using better geometries. This process and the expected advancements in the coming years are well described in the Semiconductor International Technology Roadmap. Only half a century after its development, integrated circuits became ubiquitous, and computers, cell phones, and other digital appliances became an integral part of the fabric of society. This is because modern computing, communication, manufacturing and transportation systems, including the Internet, all depend on the existence of integrated circuits. Many scholars even believe that the digital revolution brought about by integrated circuits is the most important event in human history. The maturity of IC will bring about a great leap forward in technology, both in design technology and semiconductor process breakthroughs, both are closely related.

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